About 300 Chattanoogaemployeesare out of jobs today after layoffs at seven companies affiliated withlocal entrepreneur Carey Brown’s payday lending operations.

“Due to the current regulatory environment and a contraction of the financial industry’s support of [online] lending, we have determined that the ongoing viability of these companies is unsustainable,” Brown said in a statementFriday. “We appreciate the commitment and hard work of our colleagues, and we wish them well.”

Account Pros Inc., AREA203 Digital, Cloudswell, Credit Payment Services Inc., Credit Protection Depot, Eclipse in Action and SupportSeven are the seven companies impacted by the layoffs.

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Fast facts

-About 300 in Chattanooga were impacted by layoffs from seven different companies:Account Pros Inc., AREA203 Digital, Cloudswell, Credit Payment Services Inc., Credit Protection Depot, Eclipse in Action and SupportSeven.

-The companies are still technically in existence for now.

-Employees were notifiedFriday. Leadership met about itThursday evening.

-Leaders have no comment onseverancepackages.

-About 100 people in Costa Rica were also impacted.

-Clickherefor more information on Brown.

The companies cover industries including IT, marketing, financial services and customer service support.

The layoffs impacted about 400 people-100 employees affected are in Costa Rica, while the rest are in Chattanooga.

The seven businesses provided services to Brown’s online lending companies, which have received a letter from officials in the state of New York.

The letter said that Brown’s lending companies were in violation of the law.

Despite the layoffs, there are still some peopleemployedat each company, but leaders didn’t want to say how many.

So as ofFriday, the companies still technicallyexist, according to a spokeswoman.

As recently as Aug. 7, AREA203 partnered with the Downtown Council of the Chattanooga Area Chamber of Commerce for a morning networking event.

Employees at the seven companies got the newsFridaymorning, the company spokeswoman said.

Leadership of the companies metThursdaynight, and the spokeswoman said the move to make layoffs was a sudden one and a last resort.

There is no comment on severance deals.

The company’s clients have been informed of the changes. Leadership will do everything they can to help those impacted by layoffs find other jobs, officials said.

As ofFridayafternoon, some laid-off employees had already found jobs elsewhere, and some members of the business community began talking about organizing networking events to help others impacted.

The spokeswoman said there is also the possibility of some of the companies rebounding. It’s unclear how that might happen.

J. Ed. Marston,vice president of marketing and communications for the chamber, said he knew Fridaywas a difficult day and that chamber leaders’ thoughts were with those impacted by layoffs.

“This further shows the continuing need for the chamber and our partners to proactively pursue job creation opportunities for the local economy,” he also said.

Companies impacted
InFebruary, Nooga.com ran a story about Cloudswell, which was formerly Terenine.

At the time of that article, the company was shifting from using physical servers to storing data in the cloud.

The company, which had about 80 employees, had been storing data for area companies in large servers in four rooms at their Riverside Drive location, according to archives.

But leaders changed the company’s name when they decided to move informationto the cloud and continue their application development services. At that time, leaders also had plans to focus on data security and compliance.

Leaders said that the name change had nothing to do with allegations against Brown’s companies, according to archives.

Nooga.com alsoreportedin February that SupportSeven was one of this year’s nominees for Small Business of the Year.

SupportSeven employed about 150 people who worked with clients in a variety of industries, according to Nooga.com archives.

At that time, leaders said they had plans to add 500 new jobs and create another Chattanooga office.

After some confusion, leaders withSovee,a company that specializes in translation and video technology, said they are not impacted by Friday’s layoffs.

Brown has some ownership interest in Sovee, but the company’s leaders said it is a separate business and has no connection to the payday loan business.

“Sovee is not experiencing or planning any layoffs,” President Scott Gaskill Sovee said via email. “While we are blessed that our company continues to grow and expand, we feel sadness for the families impacted by layoffs at other companies.”

Charitable giving
Brown and his companies have given money to area causes, such as localSTEMeducation.

He also co-founded theCovenant Values Foundation, which is a nondenominational Christian organization that gives grants to help orphans, youth, widows, the unborn and those who cannot help themselves, officials said, according toarchives.

In March 2012, the organization pledged to make $1 billion in grants to worthy causes.

At that time, the group awarded its first grant to the On Point youth development program for teens and pledged up to $625,000 in additional grants.

A spokesperson for Brown said none of the foundation’s grants will be impacted because the organization only makes grants with funds already available to the foundation.

Background, payday lending connection
In 2011, the Chattanooga Times Free Press ran anarticlethat said companies such as AREA203 were a front for illegal payday lending services.

Brown is reportedly behind payday lending sites PayDayMax.com, DiscountAdvances.com and MyCashNow.com, which have been charging fees beyond the legal state limit and operating without a license, which is against the law, according to the Times Free Press.

Brown’s defense is that his payday websites are operated from servers that are not in the country and thus not subject to state law.

The seven companies impacted by Friday’s layoffs provided an array of services for the payday lending sites.

The three lenders that Brown is reportedly connected to are on a list of lenders that recently received a letter from Benjamin Lawsky,the superintendent of financial services with the state of New York.

That letter informedrecipientsof an ongoing investigation the New York State Department of Financial Services is conducting into illegal online payday lending.

“Payday loans are short-term loans, typically in advance on a future paycheck or other income source,” according to the letter.

The letter also said that the department had discovered dozens of out-of-state lenders, including those Brown is affiliated with, that had used the Internet to solicit and provide illegal payday loans to consumers in New York.

“To address their unlawful activity, [the department] sent letters to 35 payday lenders directing them to cease and desist offering to lend and lending monies at usurious rates in New York,” according to the letter.

The Justice Department has recently been cracking down on questionable payday lenders, according to The Wall Street Journal.

The Justice Department started targeting banks and other institutions that handle electronic payments for an array of organizations, including payday lenders.

That’s a shift in the department’s strategy from targeting just illegal lenders to targeting the infrastructure that allows the lenders to operate, according to The Wall Street Journal.

The illegal transactions are done through the Internet and must go through the Automated Clearing House network, which banks have access to.

State leaders in New York also sent the letter to banks to let them know that “even if unintentionally” they may be playing a part in the illegal loan process.

The letter requested that bank leaders work to create a new set of model safeguards and procedures to prevent illegal lenders’ access to the clearinghouse network.

The Wall Street Journal reported that a group of 16American Indian tribes that offer short-term loanssent a letter to Lawsky saying they wouldn’t comply with his orders to stop operating.

Updated @ 5:09 p.m. on 8/16/13 to add more information as it became available.

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